Winogradsky column lab page!

Welcome to the Winogradsky column lab page! Students from the Departments of Biological Applications and Technology, University of Ioannina and Icthyology and Aquatic Environment, University of Thessaly, Greece and the Microbiology course, Faculty of Sciences, University of Cádiz, Spain, discuss their findings on Winogradsky columns they constructed!

If you want to add a post, please feel free to contact the blog administrators (Hera Karayanni, Sokratis Papaspyrou or Kostas Kormas)!

Καλωσορίσατε στη σελίδα των Winobloggers! Διαδικτυακός τόπος συνάντησης φοιτητών, φοιτητριών και διδασκόντων δύο Τμημάτων από την Ελλάδα: Tμήμα Βιολογικών Εφαρμογών και Τεχνολογιών, Παν/μιο Ιωαννίνων και Τμήμα Γεωπονίας, Ιχθυολογίας και Υδάτινου Περιβάλλοντος, Παν/μιο Θεσσαλίας και ενός από την Ισπανία: Σχολή Θετικών Επιστημών, Πανεπιστήμιο του Cadiz. Παρακολουθούμε, σχολιάζουμε, ρωτάμε, απαντάμε σχετικά με τα πειράματά μας, τις στήλες Winogradsky!

Bienvenidos a la pagina web de los Winobloggers! Aquí los estudiantes y profesores de dos departamentos griegos, el Departamento de Aplicaciones y Tecnologías Biológicas de la Universidad de Ioannina y el Departmento de Agricultura, Ictiología y Sistemas Acuáticos de la Universidad de Thessalia, junto con los estudiantes de Microbiología de la Facultad de Ciencias en la Universidad de Cádiz, se reúnen para observar, comentar, preguntar y responder a preguntas relacionadas con nuestro experimento, la columna Winogradsky.

Winogradksy columns

Winogradksy columns
'In the field of observation, chance only favors the prepared mind' Pasteur 1854

Blog posts

Saturday, 30 December 2017

High-salinity Winogradsky column, 2017

Students: Niki Chondrelli, Steven Moschos 
Department of Biological Applications and Technologies, University of Ioannina

We constructed two Winogradsky columns with mud and water from the lagoon in Koronisia, in 20th October 2017. We used newspaper as a carbon source and egg as a source of sulfur and carbonate ions. In one column we also added 50gr of salt to check how it would affect the growth of microorganisms. 
We expect a delay in the bacterial growth in the salt-enriched column but similar colour patterns.

Our hypothesis is based on the fact that in every broad taxonomic group there are halophilic species, therefore no significant difference will be observed in the colour patterns. Possibly the diversity of the high-salinity column will be more limited, but this can not be deduced with simple observation, unless a group is completely absent. Also, due to the increased salinity, the number of microorganisms that survive and consequently grow in this column will be lower compared to the standard and therefore the formation of colonies will be delayed.

Our hypothesis was rejected, since we observed the same rates of bacterial growth in both columns. This could be due to the fact that the mud we collected exhibited high salinity (about 80) so halophilic species were already abundant in it, and the addition of salt didn't significantly change their growth conditions.

As it can be seen in the pictures that follow, the colour patterns are similar in both columns throughout the experiment but the colour of the water differs (reddish in the standard column and muddy in the salt-enriched one).

Standard, 26/11/17

Salt, 26/11/17

Standard, 23/11/17
Salt, 23/11/17
Standard, 14/12/17
Salt, 14/12/17

Sunday, 17 December 2017

Winogradsy column - Light efect Hipothesis

Four Winogradsy columns were constructed. (pictures from the columns can be found here:( )
Researchers : George Kazantzidis , Giota Kontogeorgiou, Dimitris Papanikos. 
Department of Biological Applications and Technologies
Hypothesis: Using different color filters for each winogradsky column we expect different microorganisms growth depending on the color allowed in each column.
Materials and methods
Place of experiment
Mud was selected from Amvrakikos Lagoon western Greece (39° 0'25.69"Β, 20°55'7.19"Α) at 20/10/2017.

The weather was sunny and the place from which we gathered the mud was wet but not mumbled. The place is known for high eutrophic levels. Also Amvrakikos lagoon is polluted cause many rivers from Western Greece end to it, carrying a lot of fertilizers from crops.
Mud and water were taken from the lagoon. In the mud was added 2gr of cellulose (crushed paper) and calcium carbonate (one egg, whole).  The mud was mixed in order to homogenize. In each column (plastic bottle 1,5L) was filled 2/3 with mud (1L) and 1/3 with water(0,5L). one column was used as standard and the others for the Hypothesis. Each from the 3 columns was wrapped with plastic color filter membrane. The three membranes used were blue (450nm), red (680nm) and green (520nm). All four columns were placed in sunny place at marine biology lab (University of ioannina).
Our first hypothesis was that in the standard column we will find all kinds of bacterial communities. By contrast, in the green column we expected to find only purple sulfur and non-sulfur bacteria in the middle of the column because they are the only ones that can use the green light for energy production. In the red column we expected to find green photosynthetic bacteria and not purple  bacteria (because purple bacteria does not absorb red light). In the blue column we expected to find all types of bacteria but in less abundance than in the standard column (blue light is absorbed by all kinds of photosynthetic bacteria). We do not expected changes in the non-photosynthetic bacteria communities. 
Two months after the construction of the column we do not observe any difference in our columns. We assume that is too early to have bacterial growth because the membrane filters reflect a large amount of light outside of the column.
One interesting result is at the water bacterial communities which are grown at all columns but with different microorganisms (observed with eyes) as they form different shapes of communities.